Fulbrighters and Nobel Laureates

The Nobel Prize rewards “discoveries made for the betterment of humankind in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature, economics, and peace.” Since 1952, 61 Fulbright alumni have been recognized for their contributions to their fields, and Fulbright alumnus Linus Pauling made history by being one of only four people to have won two Nobel Prizes.

The alumni listed below exemplify the Fulbright Program’s commitment to solving global challenges, fostering opportunities and excellence across fields of study, and seeking to make the world a better place. We recognize these Fulbright alumni and the contributions they have made to their fields while celebrating all Fulbrighters who work toward the betterment of humankind. 

Headshot of Peter Higgs

Peter Higgs

Theoretical Physicist

Visiting Scholar from the U.K., 1965

Higgs was awarded the Nobel Prize for his work on subatomic particles, specifically the Higgs boson or “God particle.”

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Photo of Rosalyn Yalow

Rosalyn Yalow

Nuclear Physicist

U.S. Scholar to Portugal, 1979

Yalow co-developed radioimmunoassay, which led to a breakthrough in understanding type 2 diabetes.

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Headshot of Juan Manuel Santos Rivera

Juan Manuel Santos Rivera

Former President of Colombia

Foreign Student from Colombia, 1980

As president, Rivera worked for six years to bring Colombia’s 50-year civil war to an end.

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Headshot of Maria Ressa in a black turtleneck, black blazer, and glasses

Maria Ressa

Journalist

Fulbrighter to the Philippines, 1986

As a journalist, Ressa has fought tirelessly against disinformation. She is co-founder, CEO, and president of Rappler, the Philippines' top digital-only news site fighting for free press.

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Nobel Prize-winning Fulbright Alumni

Maria Ressa

United States
Fulbright Student to the Philippines, 1986
Nobel Peace Prize, 2021

Kip S. Thorne

United States
Fulbright Scholar to France, 1966
Nobel Laureate in Physics, 2017

Michael Rosbash

United States
Fulbright Student to France, 1965
Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine, 2017

Juan Manuel Santos Rivera

Colombia
Fulbright Student at Tufts University, 1980
Nobel Peace Prize, 2016

David Thouless

United Kingdom
Fulbright Student at Cornell University, 1956
Nobel Laureate in Physics, 2016

John Michael Kosterlitz

United Kingdom
Fulbright Scholar at Cornell University, 1973
Nobel Laureate in Physics, 2016

Bengt Holmström

Finland
Fulbright Scholar at Stanford University, 1974
Nobel Laureate in Economic Sciences, 2016

William C. Campbell

United Kingdom
Fulbright Student at the University of
Wisconsin, 1953
Nobel Laureate in Medicine, 2015

Peter Higgs

United Kingdom
Fulbright Scholar at the University of
North Carolina, 1965
Nobel Laureate in Physics, 2013

Sir John B. Gurdon

United Kingdom
Fulbright Scholar at California Institute
of Technology, 1961
Nobel Laureate in Medicine, 2012

Peter A. Diamond

United States
Fulbright Scholar to Italy, 1999
Nobel Laureate in Economics, 2010

Ei-ichi Negishi

Japan
Fulbright Student at the University of
Pennsylvania, 1960
Nobel Laureate in Chemistry, 2010

Oliver Williamson

United States
Fulbright Scholar to Italy, 1999
Nobel Laureate in Economics, 2009

Jean-Marie Le Clézio

France 
Fulbright Scholar at the
University of California, 1979
Nobel Laureate in Literature, 2008  

Osamu Shimomura

Japan
Fulbright Scholar at Princeton University, 1960
Nobel Laureate in Chemistry, 2008

Leonid Hurwicz

United States
Fulbright Scholar to India, 1965
Nobel Laureate in Economics, 2007

Muhammad Yunus

Bangladesh
Fulbright Student at Vanderbilt University, 1965
Nobel Peace Prize, 2005
Fulbright 75 Alumni Bio

Roy J. Glauber

United States
Fulbright Scholar to France, 1954
Nobel Laureate in Physics, 2005

Aaron Ciechanover

Israel
Fulbright Scholar at Massachusetts
Institute of Technology, 1981
Nobel Laureate in Chemistry, 2004

Riccardo Giacconi

Italy
Fulbright Student at Indiana University, 1956
Nobel Laureate in Physics, 2002

Masatoshi Koshiba

Japan
Fulbright Student at University of Rochester, 1953
Nobel Laureate in Physics, 2002

George A. Akerlof

United States
Fulbright Scholar to India, 1967
Nobel Laureate in Economics, 2001

Joseph Stiglitz

United States
Fulbright Student to the U.K., 1969
Nobel Laureate in Economics, 2001

Alan G. MacDiarmid

New Zealand
Fulbright Student at University of Wisconsin, 1950
Nobel Laureate in Chemistry, 2000

Douglass C. North

United States
Fulbright Scholar to Uruguay, 1990
Nobel Laureate in Economics, 1993

Erwin Neher

Germany
Fulbright Student at University of
Wisconsin at Madison, 1966
Nobel Laureate in Medicine, 1991

Trygve Haavelmo

Norway
Fulbright Scholar at University of
Chicago, 1957
Nobel Laureate in Economics, 1989

Susumu Tonegawa

Japan
Fulbright Student at University of
California, San Diego, 1963
Nobel Laureate in Medicine, 1987

James M. Buchanan

United States
Fulbright Scholar to Italy, 1955
and the U.K., 1961
Nobel Laureate in Economics, 1986

Franco Modigliani

United States
Fulbright Scholar to Italy, 1961
Nobel Laureate in Economics, 1985

Carlo Rubbia

Italy
Fulbright Student at Columbia
University, 1958
Nobel Laureate in Physics, 1984

Niels Kaj Jerne

Denmark
Fulbright Scholar at California
Institute of Technology, 1954
Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine 1984

William Alfred Fowler

United States
Fulbright Student to the U.K., 1954
Nobel Laureate in Physics, 1983

Subramanyan Chandrasekhar

United States
Fulbright Scholar to France, 1966
and Greece, 1989
Nobel Laureate in Physics, 1983

John Vane

United Kingdom
Fulbright Scholar at Yale University, 1953
Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine, 1982

Bengt Samuelsson

Sweden
Fulbright Scholar at Harvard University, 1961
Nobel Laureate in Medicine, 1982

Roald Hoffmann

United States
Fulbright Scholar to Greece, 1991
Nobel Laureate in Chemistry, 1981

Philip W. Anderson

United States
Fulbright Scholar to Japan, 1953
Nobel Laureate in Physics, 1977

Rosalyn S. Yalow

United States
Fulbright Scholar to Portugal, 1979
Nobel Laureate in Medicine, 1977
Fulbright 75 Alumni Bio

Milton Friedman

United States
Fulbright Scholar to the U.K., 1953
Nobel Laureate in Economics, 1976

Renato Dulbecco

United States
Fulbright Scholar to the U.K., 1957
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1975

Henry Kissinger

United States
Fulbright Specialist to India, 1962
Nobel Peace Prize, 1973

Wassily Leontief

United States
Fulbright Scholar to France, 1961
Nobel Laureate in Economics, 1973

Kenneth Arrow

United States
Fulbright Scholar to Italy, 1995
Nobel Laureate in Economics, 1972

Paul Samuelson

United States
Fulbright Scholar to Asia, 1972
Nobel Laureate in Economics, 1970

Hannes Alfven

Sweden
Fulbright Scholar at University of Maryland, 1954
Nobel Laureate in Physics, 1970

Jan Tinbergen

Netherlands
Fulbright Travel Grant to Harvard University, 1956
Nobel Laureate in Economics, 1969

Lars Onsager

United States
Fulbright Scholar to the U.K., 1951
Nobel Laureate in Chemistry, 1968

Hans Bethe

United States
Fulbright Scholar to the U.K., 1955
Nobel Laureate in Physics, 1967

Robert Sanderson Mulliken

United States
Fulbright Scholar to the U.K., 1952
Nobel Laureate in Chemistry, 1966

Konrad Emil Bloch

United States
Fulbright Scholar to Mexico, 1959
Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology, 1964

Charles Hard Townes

United States
Fulbright Scholar to France and Japan, 1955 and Europe, 1962
Nobel Laureate in Physics, 1964

Giorgos Seferis

Greece
Fulbright Scholar at Princeton University, 1968
Nobel Laureate in Literature, 1963

Eugene Wigner

United States
Fulbright Scholar to Mexico, 1959
Nobel Laureate in Physics, 1963

John Steinbeck

United States
Fulbright Specialist to the Soviet Union, 1963
Nobel Laureate in Literature, 1962

Linus Pauling

United States
Fulbright Scholar to Yugoslavia 1988
Nobel Peace Prize, 1962 and Nobel Laureate in Chemistry, 1954

James D. Watson

United States
Fulbright Scholar to Argentina, 1986
Nobel Laureate in Medicine, 1962

Emilio Segre

United States
Fulbright Scholar to Italy, 1950
Nobel Laureate in Physics, 1959

Joshua Lederberg

United States
Fulbright Scholar to Australia, 1957
Nobel Laureate in Medicine, 1958

Chen Ning Yang

United States
Fulbright Scholar to Brazil, Venezuela, Poland, Egypt, and Malaysia, 1974
Nobel Laureate in Physics, 1957

Felix Bloch

United States
Fulbright Scholar to Israel, 1959
Nobel Laureate in Physics, 1952